Hormonal disorders in women are very common and are the cause of many disorders and gynecological diseases. The correct hormonal background in women is both female and male hormones coexisting in balance.
Hormonal disorders in women lead to disorders in such areas of women’s health as the ability to conceive a child and its bearing, psycho-emotional and physical health. The presence of hormonal disorders in women may be indicated by such manifestations as menstrual irregularities, various complications in bearing a child, difficulties in childbirth, and unsuccessful attempts at pregnancy for a long time. Menopausal phenomena may also indicate hormonal disorders in women. It is hormonal disorders in women that are most often the causes of gynecological pathologies and diseases.
In essence, hormonal imbalance in women is a disorder of the balance of hormones in her body. There can be many reasons for hormonal imbalances. One of the most important are pregnancy and menopause. During pregnancy, a complete hormonal restructuring of the female body occurs. During the menopause, the activity of the main female glands – the ovaries – decreases significantly, and this, in turn, leads to a deficiency in the secretion of any hormones.
Hormonal disorders in women can lead to various disorders:
– most often this kind of endocrine disorders become an obstacle to pregnancy. This happens due to a deficiency of progesterone, which is the main hormone that regulates conception and the course of pregnancy. It is not difficult to establish a lack of progesterone – it is necessary to measure the basal temperature. If it does not change, then the hormone is not enough. At the same time, progesterone deficiency may not affect the arrival of menstruation, and its deficiency is established only after analysis.
– hormonal disorders in women can adversely affect the regularity of the menstrual cycle, the discharge can become abundant, scarce or painful. Such signs may be accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, swelling, dizziness and weakness.
– with the development of hormonal disorders in women, menstruation may be absent altogether or be extremely scarce and irregular
rnymi . To establish disorders in the cycle of menstruation, an examination is carried out by a gynecologist, taking into account the duration of menstruation, their regularity and the woman’s feelings before the start of the cycle and on the first day of menstruation. Normally, the length of a normal cycle ranges from twenty-one to thirty-three days. The discharge itself, as a rule, goes on for a period of three to seven days. This takes into account the constancy of the cycle, that is, if menstruation lasts five days, and the cycle is thirty days, then normally this scheme should not change. Any changes in the menstrual cycle indicate the presence of violations.
– with an excessively high content of male sex hormones in the body of a woman, acne, hair growth in places inappropriate for women, increased activity of the sebaceous and sweat glands, and the formation of stretch marks can occur. At the same time, a deficiency of the male hormone also leads to disorders – the mammary glands hurt, and during menstruation, the nipples become very coarse.
Progestogens are a group of female sex hormones that are analogues of progesterone. They are responsible for the development and maturation of the egg, regulate the functions of the endometrium of the uterus.
Estrogens are the three main female sex hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands and ovaries. Estrogens are responsible for the development of the reproductive organs, regular menstruation, breast growth, and fetal development during pregnancy.