Any woman wants to give birth to a healthy child. However, the modern lifestyle associated with various stresses, unhealthy diet and poor ecology leaves its mark on the future children of every woman. Many couples do not strive to monitor their health at a young age, believing that in the future there will be no problems with it. However, more and more married couples around the world are unable to conceive.
If a couple wants to conceive a healthy child, then pregnancy requires prior planning. Therefore, the first thing to do when planning a pregnancy is to get tested. Moreover, the spouse must also be examined. During the examination, the state of health of the future parents is assessed and their heredity is determined. The woman undergoes a thorough examination by a gynecologist. The thyroid gland and mammary glands are also checked, an ultrasound is prescribed.
The future parents are especially carefully checked for the presence of infections that can negatively affect pregnancy and lead to both fetal death and developmental disorders.
Infection of the child from the mother during pregnancy occurs either through the blood, or during childbirth when passing through the genital tract.
Why is rubella and cytomegalovirus dangerous?
The most dangerous in comparison with infections is rubella. The consequences of this disease are extremely deplorable: it is cataract, and deafness, and heart disease. Rubella can also cause pneumonia and underdevelopment. Rubella infection occurs by airborne droplets and the disease is most dangerous for pregnant women up to 5 weeks. At this time, rubella causes congenital malformations of the fetus.
Regardless of the gestational age, the virus can provoke a miscarriage or stillbirth. Therefore, a woman should avoid infected people. If in childhood a woman has already had rubella, then re-infection will no longer occur and you can not worry about the health of the unborn child. A few months before the planned conception, you can also get a rubella vaccine.
Cytomegalovirus is considered no less dangerous disease during pregnancy than rubella. The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets and sexually and can provoke both miscarriage and fetal deformity. When infected at a later date, the child is born with congenital cytomegaly. To prevent infection, a pregnant woman should avoid contact with sick people.
Herpes in a pregnant woman
For the birth of a healthy child, one should also beware of herpes. The likelihood of infection of the fetus is not high, but with an exacerbation of the genital form of herpes, a cesarean section is performed. This eliminates the infection of the baby during childbirth. Therefore, in the first half of pregnancy, it is recommended to get tested for the herpes virus.
The flu virus can threaten complications during pregnancy and further contribute to miscarriage or premature birth.
In addition, the disease weakens the immune system, which can already cause other diseases. To improve immunity, a pregnant woman is advised to take vitamins and eat right.
Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy
Toxoplasmosis poses a great threat to the health of the unborn child. You can get toxoplasmosis through contact with a cat or through contaminated meat. Early infection does not pose a potential threat to the fetus. However, with a disease in the second half of pregnancy, the central nervous system and the eyes of the child are damaged. As a result, a child is born with the following deviations:
- mental retardation;
Often, the disease can serve as a reason for termination of pregnancy. If a woman was already sick with toxoplasmosis before pregnancy, then the immunity to the disease remains for life.
Diseases such as thrush, chlamydia, gardenellosis, trichomonadosis can provoke a miscarriage. Their timely treatment can quickly get rid of the disease and prevent various complications.