Modern pharmacology has a huge assortment of medications of various effects. The action of most of them is aimed at restoring human health, the normal functioning of his body, saving life. But there is a special group of drugs that do not give birth to a new life, in other words, “kill” it in the womb. With their help, medical abortion is performed . How does it relate to such a procedure? Should medical abortion be considered murder or salvation?
The opinion can be twofold for obvious reasons. Very young girls are often not aware of their actions, trying to be adults. For which they pay with an unexpected pregnancy and all the problems associated with it.
On the other hand, medical abortion can be a means of saving the life of a very young, even a little girl who cannot yet give birth due to her young age. Plus, this method of termination of pregnancy is shown to some quite adult women for a number of reasons.
Indications for use. Mode of application
The main drugs used for medical abortion are Mifotab and Mifepristone . It is a synthetic steroid with anti – progestogenic action. These drugs do not possess gestagenic activity. Stimulates the contractions of the muscles of the uterus.
The indicated pharmacological agents are not sold in pharmacies. ” Mifotab ” and ” Mifepristone ” are available only from practicing gynecologists. Supplied only to order and only to specialized medical institutions.
The indication for taking drugs that terminate pregnancy is the age of the girl (up to 18 years old), who became pregnant for the first time, the pathology of fetal development, the frozen fetus. Doctors consider medical abortion to be less dangerous for women’s health than a regular abortion, so they recommend it as the best, sparing option.
Self-administration of abortion pills is unacceptable. The patient can take ” Mifepristone ” only after contacting the local gynecologist and passing a medical examination, including ultrasound. Taking pills is carried out under the guidance of a doctor.
It is necessary to take ” Mifepristone ” strictly within 48 days from the beginning of the last menstruation. Medical abortion is performed on an empty stomach or 3 hours after the last meal. Pills are not given to the hands – the patient takes a certain dose of the drug in the hospital or in the antenatal clinic, under the supervision of a gynecologist.
The packaging of the drug contains two packs of pills. In one pack there are tablets, the action of which is aimed at freezing the fetus. In the second – on contractions of the uterus and getting rid of the fetus.
In this case, the doctor gives the pills of secondary action to the patient, since they will need to be taken 35-49 hours after taking the pills of the primary action. A woman should first drink 2 tablets and 2 more a day later, regardless of the fact that the discharge appeared after the first dose.
The main contraindications for medical abortion are:
– no signs of pregnancy, nausea, absence of menstruation, swelling of the mammary glands, exacerbation of the sense of smell;
– suspected ectopic pregnancy;
– gestational age more than 50 days from the beginning of the last menstruation;
– acute and chronic renal or hepatic diseases, colic;
– allergy to the components that make up medications;
– long-term use of glucocorticosteroids ;
– fibroids of the uterus, scar on the uterus;
– any form of bronchial asthma, cardiovascular diseases;
– age (over 36 years old);
– bad habits, especially smoking.
During the implementation of medical abortion, you need to take pain relievers and antispasmodics. After 2 weeks, the patient comes for a second appointment with the gynecologist and does an ultrasound.
On an empty stomach, tests for the pregnancy hormone, hCG are taken. If the result is less than 1, then the woman is no longer pregnant. If, after 14 days, the girl does not start bleeding, and the pregnancy test is still positive, a standard abortion will have to be performed in the hospital.
Note! Your period after a medical abortion can be heavy and painful. Moreover, for each patient, the result of the procedure performed may look different. For some, everything will come out in one lump at a time, while for others, spotting can be observed within two weeks.